- Google Australia is a wholly owned subsidiary of Google International LLC and Google Inc is the ultimate holding company
- Google Australia is not authorised to, and has no ability to, control or direct the conduct of Google Inc and is not responsible for the day-to-day operations of Google Inc
- Google Inc owns and operates the domains google.com.au and google.com. The search engines at the domains mentioned are exclusively provided by, operated by, and controlled by Google Inc
- Google Australia does not have any ability to control or direct action in respect of blocking URLs from google.com.au
The Australian court found: "There is no reasonable prospect of Mr Rana proving that Google Australia owns the domains in question, or that it has the ability to control or direct the conduct of Google Inc." Thus, the claims against Google Australia were dismissed.
The Court also stated:
"In short, whether or not a search engine could be considered a publisher of defamatory material is not settled in Australia, and accordingly, it would not be appropriate to refuse to give leave to serve the proceedings and on that basis effectively dismiss Mr Rana’s claim against Google Inc: A v Google New Zealand Ltd"
See Rana v Google Australia Pty Ltd  FCA 60