Amazon was refused a patent in Australia on the grounds that the invention was not patentable subject matter.
See Amazon Technologies, Inc.  APO 7 https://jade.io/article/785911
The patent application was directed to the field of computer resource virtualization. Providers, such as Amazon, manage large-scale computing resources that can be accessed on demand by their many customers via virtual machines. This allows various computing resources to be efficiently and securely shared by multiple customers.